Friday, December 27, 2019
Understanding Bipolar Disorder in Children by Patricia Oakes November 6, 2012 TABLE OF CONTENTS ABSTRACTÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦..i INTRODUCTIONÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦1 FINDING AND CONCLUSIONSÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦..2 LIVING DAILY LIFE: HELPING YOUR TEEN AT HOME AND SCHOOLÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦2 HOW CAN YOU WORK TOGETHER WITH YOUR CHILDÃ¢â¬â¢S TEACHERS?....3 SCHOOL amp; THE CHILD WITH BIPOLAR DISORDERÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦.4 DISORDERS THAT CAN ACCOMPANY BIPOLAR DISORDERÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦.5 WORKING WITH THE SCHOOLSÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦..6 MEDICATIONS USED TO TREAT CHILD AND ADOLESCENT METAL DISORDERSÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦.7 PSYCHOTHERAPYÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦8 CONCLUSIONÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦.9 WORK CITEDÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦.10Ã¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦ItÃ¢â¬â¢s a natural phase in the evolution of your role as a parent. While your relationship with your teen will change, that doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t mean it becomes any less significant. In fact, your teen may need the security of your love and support more than ever now. The way you communicate with your adolescent and structure your family life can have a major impact on how your teen functions at home which can influence how your teen functions in other situations. The time and energy you devote to your other children, your significant other, and yourself can help keep the teenÃ¢â¬â¢s issues in perspective, a good thing for all of you. And the way you address school issues and advocate for your teenagerÃ¢â¬â¢s educational needs can have a decisive impact on his or her success in school. All the while, youÃ¢â¬â¢ll be slowly but surely working toward one of the most difficult but ultimately gratifying tasks for any parent letting go. As the parents of an adolescent with depression or bipolar disorder, you may have to take things a bit more gradually than other parents, but the ultimate goal of helping your child move toward a healthy, productive, independent life as a young adult is still the same. What can the school do to help my child with bipolar disorder? Teachers often are the first to notice the symptoms of bipolar disorder, and can provide parents, guardians, and doctors with information that may help diagnose and treat the disorder. They also can playShow MoreRelatedBipolar Disorder And Its Effects On Children1247 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesfrom Bipolar disorder. Bipolar disorder or manic-depressive illness is a brain disorder that can affect oneÃ¢â¬â¢s mood and ability to complete tasks. Bipolar disorder in children is under studied for many reasons. These include, lack of awareness and the difference in the disease seen in adults and children that can make it difficult to continue studies. Bipolar disorder has not been well studied despite harmful effects on growth and development in a child. As the child grows up, bipolar disorder mayRead MoreThe Link Between Creativity and Bipolar Disorder, Annotated Bibliography854 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesTHE LINK BETWEEN CREATIVITY AND BIPOLAR DISORDER The Link Between Creativity and Bipolar Disorder Creativity is related with bipolar disorder is a popular assumption. The fact that many creative people, including Van Gogh, Ernest Hemingway, Leo Tolstoy, and Sylvia Plath, suffered from some kind of mental disorders triggers that idea. Psychologists have been interested in this contingent link for decades. In this paper, after defining both terms, I examine three articles that reportRead MoreThe Effects Of Post Traumatic Slave Syndrome1659 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesmental problems since we sometimes donÃ¢â¬â¢t know it exist. Ã¢â¬Å"Bipolar disorder affects approximately 5.7 million adult Americans, or about 2.6% of the U.S. population age 18 and older every yearÃ¢â¬ (National Institute of Mental Health). Some of us need real help but donÃ¢â¬â¢t know who to go to for help. You might be feeling out of place, insane, irritable, euphoric, and talkative at the same time. When an individual has been diagnosed with Bipolar disorder they should follow the doctorÃ¢â¬â¢s orders to help them. PeopleRead MoreSymptoms And Symptoms Of Bipolar Disorder1454 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesOne of the greatly investigated neurological disorders is Bipolar Disorder. Regrettably, due to social stigma, funding issues, and a lack of education, many who are dealing with this disorder do not receive adequate treatment. Bipolar disorder, is also known as manic-depressive illness, it is a brain disorder that causes unusual shifts in mood, energy, and the ability to carry out normal daily tasks. Symptoms of the disorder are severe and diverse from the normal ups and downs that everyone goesRead MorePsychology : Human And Emotional Type Of Disorders1734 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagessubject in particular is in a broad sense the overall topic of abnormal psychology. Abnormal psychology is and can be thought of as like any other psychology in a way but more specifically it is a psychology that deals with the understanding of mental and emotional type of disorders. As a psychology major you get to loo k at psychology through many forms, this is done with an objective which prepares you so to see which focus you find or can connect to most, most often for personal or logical base reasonsRead MoreBipolar Disease887 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesBipolar disorder is not an easy illness to detect. The patient might suffer for years before he or she is diagnosed and treated. Bipolar disorder can have a lot of results, some of these could end up with damaged relationships, poor jobs or school performance, and even suicide. Although this long- term illness can cause a lot of problems in patients, treating it correctly can lead the patient to have a full and productive life. Bipolar disorder is a brain illness caused by an underlying problemRead MoreBipolar Disorder ( Bipolar )1447 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages Bipolar disorder is a serious mental illness in which common emotions become intensely and often unpredictably magnified. Individuals with bipolar disorder can quickly swing from extremes of happiness, energy and clarity to sadness, fatigue and confusion. Bipolar disorder more commonly develops in older teenagers and young adults; it can appear in children as 6. The exact cause of bipolar disorder is unknown; there are two types of this disease: Types of the bipolar disorder: People with bipolarRead MoreA Child with Bipolar Disorder Makes Parenting Difficult Essays666 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pagesdifficult time identifying is bipolar disorder, or maniac-depression illness, a mental illness in which unusual mood swings occur within the child. Such disorder should not to be mistaken with the occasional ups or downs many people go through. The National Institute of Mental HealthÃ¢â¬â¢s website provides parents valuable information of the disorderÃ¢â¬â¢s symptoms and treatments, as well as information on how to live with a child with bipolar disorder. Symptoms of bipolar disorder often appear in the personÃ¢â¬â¢sRead MoreBipolar Disorder : A Serious Mental Illness980 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesBipolar Disorder I decided to do my research paper on Bipolar Disorder. The reason I chose to do my paper on Bipolar disorder is because it is a serious mental illness. Those with bipolar disorder often describe their experience as an emotional roller coaster. Going up and down between strong emotions can keep a person from having anything approaching a normal life. The emotions of a personsÃ¢â¬â¢ behavior with bipolar disorder experience as beyond ones control. This condition is exhausting not only forRead MoreBipolar And Bipolar Disorder ( Bipolar )1397 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesÃ¢â¬Å"Bipolar robs you of that which is you. It can take from you the very core of your being and replace it with something that is completely opposite of who and what you truly areÃ¢â¬ (A. Reyan 2015). Bipolar disorder is a mood disorder that alters a personÃ¢â¬â¢s life, they can never go back to who they were before. Ã¢â¬Å"It is estimated that more than 10 million Americans suffer from bipolar disorderÃ¢â¬ (everyd ayhealth.com 2015). Bipolar disorder is broken down into two types; bipolar I and bipolar II disorder
Thursday, December 19, 2019
What is racism? By definition racism is the prejudice, discrimination, or antagonism directed against someone of a different race based on the belief that one s own race is superior. This is a big issue in America today. Many Americans believe that racism is over in this country because it had gone through a civil rights revolution but those people are more than wrong. Some people believe that just because America went through a civil rights movement that all racism is gone. That everything was solved. The only thing that the civil rights movement did were hid the problem. It never went always people just stopped thinking about it. Today racism isnÃ¢â¬â¢t like it was back in the 60Ã¢â¬â¢s. We arenÃ¢â¬â¢t segregated. We donÃ¢â¬â¢t force people of color to use different bathrooms and sit in the back of the bus. Modern day racism is more structured racism. For example, black people donÃ¢â¬â¢t get the same treatment as white people. Ã¢â¬Å"Doctors in the united states of America are more likely to provide pain medication to white people than they are to black people, even when they present the same symptoms as describe similar levels of pain.Ã¢â¬ (Globe Mail) Why is that white people are getting an upper advantage over back people or people of color. These doctors are probably not doing this on purpose; they may not even realize that they are doing it. Racism is a hard topic to talk about. Most people donÃ¢â¬â¢t even want to talk about it because they are worried about offending someone or coming out as a racist.Show MoreRelatedRacism, Racism And The Civil Rights Movement1009 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesRacism is Evident in American Society Today The history of the United States in regard to racism and discrimination is no secret. Children are taught about segregation, slavery, and the Civil Rights Movement like the events were purely in the past. In part the events were in the past; however, the results of said events are not. As Americans, we live in a nation with a rough history and, in order to keep growing together, we cannot forget what has happened. Granted, racism is not extinct, but itRead MoreRacism And The Civil Rights Movement2014 Words Ã |Ã 9 Pagesrace to distinguish him or her as inferior. Racism is a prominent epidemic that has especially affected African Americans in the development of America. Africans were torn away from their homes and brought to America in the 17th century to work as slaves, where they experienced various forms of chastisements and torture. Then in 1860, Abraham Lincoln was elected president where he expressed his strong disposition against slavery, which then began the Civil War in Am erica. Lincoln abolished slaveryRead MoreDifference Between Racism And The Civil Rights Movement Essay1274 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesbeings. However, changed started to hatch when Dr.Martin L. King first evoked the Civil Rights Movement initiating the end of racial disunion. Although the signs have been taken down, and separation has decreased, other adjustments have been made in current workforce, income, educational studies and the justice system. Comparing the two will allow us to determine the difference between racism today and racism from a little over sixty years ago. Referring back to six decades ago, education forRead More Racism versus Civil Rights Movement Essay examples1446 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesKing, page666 The 1960s were a time of great turmoil in America and throughout the world. One of the main topics that arouse was black civil rights. In my essay I plan to compare the difference of opinion between these particular writers and directors, towards racism and the civil rights movement in the 1960s The movement truly got underway with civil rights leaders such as Martin Luther King jr. and Malcolm X in the early 1960s. Students who wanted to bolt on the equality and protestRead MoreEssay on Changes Brought About by the Civil Rights Movement1095 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pageswhich is racism. Racism happened a lot at United State, the whites treated the African-American badly and called them blacks or niggers. Despite the fact that racism occurred a lot, not everyone supported and followed racism, some protested, some stood up to fight. Many actions were done back then for the blacks to earn back their pride and their rights as americans. The Civil Right Movement improves the environment of the colored people in those small towns and earned them many rights, it also decreasedRead MoreThe Civil Rights Movement : Martin Luther King, Jr. And Rosa Parks1546 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThe Civil Rights Movement is often remembered in American history as an era of unity and struggle. Martin Luther King, Jr. and Rosa Parks are often the figures that get the most recognition from this period. However, there are many leade rs from the Civil Rights Movement that get overlooked. Even MLK toward the end of his life is glossed over for the Ã¢â¬Å"versionÃ¢â¬ that gave the famous Ã¢â¬Å"I have a dreamÃ¢â¬ speech. In truth, there was a fair amount of division between the Black Power Movement and the IntegrationRead MoreMichael Brown And The Anti Black Racism1270 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesMichael Brown and were not indicted. This movement was a response to the anti-black racism that exists in our society (Cullors, Tometi Garza, 2012). Foner and Garraty (1991) point out that the Civil Rights Act of 1968 was an initiative where Civil rights activists used nonviolent protests and civil disobedience to bring about change for freedom and equality. African American leaders risked their lives to speak out for change while participating in the movement. In 1964 legislation introduced byRead MoreRacism Is A Major Issue And Problem That Has Plagued The United States Of America1551 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesRacism is a major issue and problem that has plagued the United States of America for years. Racism has been around in our country since well before the Civil war and even today we still have people who are prejudice towards other races, but discrimination and other major issues had finally become illegal in the end of the 1960Ã¢â¬â¢s with the civil rights movement. During the civil rights movement we had many African American leaders and people who were fighting for civil rights within American. OneRead MoreA Brief Note On The Civil Rights Movement1269 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe civil rights movement accomplished much from 1954-1968. Faced with a wall of blatant racism and discrimination activist were still able to fight segregation, get African Americans in the South involved with the voting process, and be a starting point and a model for other social movements later in our countryÃ¢â¬â¢s history. The most noteworthy parts of this movement are its successes when faced with systemic marginalization and violence. The first accomplishment of the civil rights movement involvedRead MoreRacism During The Civil War973 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages Racism is an issue that has plagued in country from the day it was declared the United States of America. Whether it comes in the form of slavery, forced segregation or political racism, it is still here. Racism can be seen throughout our history from slaves picking cotton in the south to Jim Crows laws preventing slaves from having equal rights to current days where we have things such as affirmative action and movements such as Black Lives Matter. In the beginning of our country, we began our
Tuesday, December 10, 2019
When we think of Paris, Rome. Madrid, Lisbon and other European capitals, we think of them as metropoliss . When we think of the whole of modern London, the capital metropolis of England and the United Kingdom, that great country covering several hundred square kilometers, we do non believe of it as a metropolis. non even as a metropolis and its suburbs. Modem London is non one metropolis that has steadily become larger through the centuries ; it is a figure of metropoliss. towns, and small towns that have, during the past centuries, grown together to do one huge urban country. London is situated upon both Bankss of the River Thames, it is the largest metropolis in Britain and one of the largest in the universe. Its population is about 7 million people. London dominates the life of Britain. It is the main port of the state and the most of import commercial, fabricating and cultural Centre. We will write a custom essay sample on London the capital of Great Britain or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page There is small heavy industry in London, but there is a broad scope of light industry in Greater London. London consists of three parts: the City of London, the West End and the East End. The City extends over an country of about 2.6 square kilometers in the bosom of London. About half a million people work in the City but merely less than 6000 live here. It is the fiscal Centre of the UK with many Bankss, offices and Stock Exchange. But the City is besides a market for goods of about every sort, from all parts of the universe. The West End can be called the Centre of Tendon. Here are the historical castles every bit good as the celebrated Parkss. Hyde Park with its Speaker s Corner is besides here. Among other Parkss are Kensington Gardens, St.James s Park. In the West End is Buckingham Palace. Which is the Queen s abode, and the Palace of Westminster which is the place of Parliament. The best-known streets here are Whitehall with of import Government offices. Downing Street, the London abode of Prime Minister and the topographic point where the Cabinet meets. Fleet Street where most newspapers have their offices, Harley Street where the highest paid physicians live, and some others. Trafalgar Square is named so in memorialization of Nelson s great triumph. In the in-between stands the celebrated Nelson Column with the statue of Nelson 170 pess high so as to let him a position of the sea. The column stands in the geographical Centre of the metropolis. It is one of the best unfastened air platforms for public meetings and presentations. One of the musts for the excursionist are the Houses of Parliament, confronting the Thames, on one side, and Parliament Square and Westminster Abbey, on the other. The House of Commons sits to the side of the Clock Tower ( Big Ben ) , the House of Lords to the Victoria Tower side. Westminster Abbey is the crowning and burial topographic point of British sovereigns. It has its universe famed Poet s Corner with commemorations to Chaucer, Shakespeare, Milton, the Bronte s sisters. Tennyson. Longfellow, Wordsworth, Burns, Dickens, Thackeray, Hardy, Kipling and other taking authors. Merely a few nevertheless, are really buried at that place. Here excessively is that touching symbol of a state s heartache. The Grave of the Unknown Warrior. The name West End came to be associated with wealth, luxury, and goods of high quality. It is the country of the largest section shops, films and hotels. There are about 40 theaters, several concert halls, many museums including the British Museum, and the best art galleries. It is in the West End where the University of London is centred with Bloomsbury as London s student one-fourth. The Port of London is to the E of the City. Here. today are kilometers and kilometers of docks, and the great industrial countries that depend upon transporting. This is the East End of London, unattractive in visual aspect, but really of import to the state s commercialism. In recent times London has grown so big. that the Government has decided that it must distribute no farther. It is now surrounded by a green belt a belt of agricultural and wooded land on which new edifices may be put up merely with the permission of the planning governments.
Tuesday, December 3, 2019
Introduction This paper aims to discuss the controversy that occurred in Taiwanese Company Young Fast Optoelectronics (YFO). This enterprise is a supplier of such leading international corporations as Samsung, HTC, Google, and LG.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on The Young Fast Optoelectronics CompanyÃ¢â¬â¢s Conflicts specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More In March 2010, the management of YFO dismissed more than ten union members, who protested against poor working conditions in the factory and illegal practices, pursued by the management of the company. Afterwards, it was also discovered that the YFO employees had to work overtime without any compensation and that the company hired students who did not reach the age of sixteen (Good Electronics, 2010, unpaged). This scandal attracted the attention of the government and international trade union organizations. Several stakeholders are involved in this argument: 1) the workers of this manufacturing facility and trade unions; 2) the management of YFO; 3) the government of the country, and 4) international companies, supplied by YFO. Overall, it is possible to argue that this one of those case when ethical principles and legislation contradict each other. Domestic laws do not explicitly forbid sweatshop practices and, the government has very few legal means of influencing the decisions of the management; more likely the governmental officials are unwilling to intervene into the affairs of YFO. However, such companies as Google or HTC try to be or at least appear responsible corporate citizens and they certainly do not want to be associated with the supplier that abuses the rights of its employees. In this essay we need to discuss the arguments, made by each party involved in this controversy and evaluate them from different moral perspectives, like Utilitarianism and Kantian ethics. These ethical theories can be used as effective tools to assess th e behavior of private and public organizations. The argument, made by various stakeholders The government In order to discuss this conflict of interest, one should first understand the controversial nature of sweatshops. This is one of those social phenomena that existed virtually in every country, even in advanced economies at a certain point of time. Certainly in such countries as the United States, the United Kingdom, or Germany they disappeared in the first half of the twentieth century, as the quality of living improved and private businesses could no longer dictate their terms to the workers (Balonze, 2004). However, in developing countries such practice is still very widespread because the bargaining power of workers is not strong enough and they cannot choose from a great variety of employers. One should also bear in mind that Asian economies are growing at such a rapid pace mostly due to the cheapness of labor, and the governments of these countries are not particularly int erested in the eradication of sweatshops.Advertising Looking for essay on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The thing is that the adoption of stringent labor laws may eventually force international investors out of the country (Balonze, 2004, p 77). The most dangerous thing is that a great number of people can lose their only source of income, if the local labor legislation is changed. This ambiguous nature of sweatshops is the main reason why this case is contradictory. Naturally, one should not assume that the government cannot do anything to stop this exploitation of employees, for example, they can impose fines on YFO. Yet, the problem is that it will be easier for the management to pay these fines rather than adopt a new attitude toward workers. Under the circumstances, the government is guided by utilitarian ethics. According to this doctrine, every action which promotes the well-being of the entire co mmunity can be justified, even if they harm a limited group of people (Gensler et al, 2004 unpaged). They may defend their policies by arguing in the following way: if government increases pressure on the management of YFO, the company will have to reduce the volume of its output or even worse, its services will no longer be required by the international corporations like LG, Samsung, and Qualcomm. In the long term, it may result in the reduction of the staff. So, to some extent, utilitarianism or consequentialism, as it is also known, can be used to justify their argument. Still, one should not suppose that utilitarianism is the only way of looking at this problem. For instance, if one applies Kantian interpretation of moral, the governmental policies will no longer seem morally permissible. It should be taken into consideration that Kantian ethics also emphasizes the motives, underlying any action, rather than its consequences (Sullivan, 1994). This ethical theory postulates that in order to determine the moral worth of any action or behavior a person should think of what would happen if this behavior becomes universal (Sullivan, 1994). In other words, one should think of what would happen if sweatshop became the most widespread type of workplace and the employers received a chance of exploiting workers with impunity. It seems that in this case the quality of living in Taiwan will greatly deteriorate. Therefore, from this viewpoint, the governmentÃ¢â¬â¢s indifference is morally impermissible and even harmful to the community. This discussion shows that the same action can have various moral and ethical interpretations. The management of Young Fast Optoelectronics and the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s partners The management of Young Fast Optoelectronics also takes a utilitarian approach to this problem. They are primarily concerned with financial and operational performance of the enterprise, rather than well-being of the employees. They argue that by raising labor sta ndards in the organization, for instance by paying additional compensation to the employees and reducing the working hours, they will make the company less attractive to their foreign partners. Moreover, they will be forced to dismiss a great number of workers.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on The Young Fast Optoelectronics CompanyÃ¢â¬â¢s Conflicts specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More To some degree, they follow a rule, formulated by Nicolo Machiavelli who argued that Ã¢â¬Å"the ends justified the meansÃ¢â¬ (Benner, 2009, p 359). The core principle of this philosophy is that even an immoral action can be acceptable, if it will contribute to the common good (Benner, 2009). Under the circumstances the notion of common good can be understood as financial and operational performance of the company. One should not forget that over the last several years, the value of the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s stock has risen dramatically, and each of the administrators, engineers and supervisors received a bonus, whereas workers were not compensated for their effort in any way (Good Electronics, 2010, unpaged). Therefore, we can argue that the policies of the management cannot be justified even from utilitarian perspective. Utilitarian ethics set stress on the fact that the action is moral only if it benefits the majority, rather a limited group of people, while in this case, the workers, who represent the majority, are put in an underprivileged position. Kantian ethics also does not enable us to vindicate such strategies because they have nothing to do with moral duty and with concern for peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s welfare; more likely, this is just a pursuit of profit. Actually, it is very difficult to find any ethical theory that would help the management of YFO to defend their position because virtually every ethical theory strongly relies on the so-called golden rule, according to which one should treat others as he/she w ants to be treated. As it has been mentioned before, YFO is a leading supplier of such internationally-known corporations as Qualcomm, LG, Samsung and so forth. They prefer the services of this organization because it provides the best price-quality ratio; however, they do not pay much attention to the human resource management of YFO. Again, from legal standpoint, they are not obliged to do it. However, many of them emphasize their responsible corporate behavior, while this indifference to the needs of Taiwanese workers can really tarnish their public image. These stakeholders also adopt utilitarian point of view to this problem because the main purpose of these international corporation is the maximization of revenues, and partnership with YFO is probably the best way to do it. Nonetheless, in the long term such strategy can significantly affect their profitability because more and more people, living in advanced countries, are growing more aware such notion as ethical consumption , and they pay attention to the environmental and human resource policies of the enterprise.Advertising Looking for essay on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The employees Finally, we need to speak about the most important group of stakeholders, the employees. In part, we have already presented their argument: they believe that despite the improvement of companyÃ¢â¬â¢s performance, they felt no positive change (Good Electronics, 2010, unpaged). Furthermore, they claim that the management entirely disregards their civil rights. One of the workers formulates his complaints in the following way: Ã¢â¬Å"I wonder why all the glory always goes to the top tier of the company, while the workers at the bottom, who sacrificed our health and our time with the family, are always maltreated and ignored?Ã¢â¬ (Good Electronics, 2010, unpaged). Their choice is very limited: they can either comply with managerial demands or leave the company and lose the only source of revenue. The most unfortunate thing is that domestic laws do not protect these people properly, and the only group that can really support them is international companies which collab orate with Young Fast Optoelectronics. The management of YFO does want to such partners, and they will, certainly pay attention to the opinion of these companies. Discussion Overall, this case exemplifies one of the greatest moral dilemmas, faced by modern companies which now can operate in globalized environment. On the one hand, the erasure of national borders and absence of any restrictions on free trade give them a good opportunity to maximize their profits. Yet, very often this improved performance is based on the exploitation of workers, who are put almost in subhuman conditions. As it has been shown in the previous section, several ethical approaches can be used to solve this dilemma, and we can say neither Utilitarianism nor Kantian ethics can give a loophole for justifying these policies; this includes each of the stakeholders: the local government, the management of YFO, and international partners of this company. The most dangerous thing is that there are very few ways of influencing these people. Still, it should be borne in mind that nowadays such notion as ethical consumerism is becoming more and more popular. It means that modern customers can boycott the products of those manufactures which do try to meet the employeesÃ¢â¬â¢ demands and even exploit these people as it is done by the management of YFO (Guido, 2009). The key issue is that consumers, who live in advanced countries, may refuse to buy the mobile phones, produced at the factories of Young Fast Optoelectronics. This will certainly have an adverse effect the bottom line of many companies that are closely connected with Young Fast Optoelectronics. Therefore, it is possible for us to say that this exploitation of Taiwanese workers is not only immoral, but it may also be economically unsound. This is why Taiwanese government as well as the partners of YFO should force the management to hear the voices of employees and address their needs. Conclusion The application of various ethical th eories to organizational conflict helps to better understand the reasoning and policies of private businesses. More importantly, the use of these theories can assist us in finding solutions the conflicts which occur between the management of the company, its employees, and the government. The case that has been analyzed illustrates that the globalized economy gives almost unlimited freedom to private organization. Unfortunately, this freedom is frequently abused by the management, as it is done in Young Fast Optoelectronics. Ethical consumerism and responsible corporate behavior are the only methods of affecting such businesses and forcing them to improve the working conditions. References Balonze J. 2006. Debating Globalization. London: Gyan Publishing House. Benner. E.2009. MachiavelliÃ¢â¬â¢s ethics. Princeton: Princeton University Press. Gensler. H. Spurgin E. Swindal J. 2004. Ethics: contemporary readings. London: Routledge. Good Electronics. 2010. Ã¢â¬Å"Taiwanese electronics workers fight for their rightsÃ¢â¬ . Accessed from https://goodelectronics.org/taiwanese-electronics-workers-fight-for-their-rights/ Guido. G. (2009) Behind Ethical Consumption: Purchasing Motives and Marketing Strategies for Organic Food Products, Non-Gmos, Bio-Fuels. NY: Peter Lang. Sullivan. R. 1994. An introduction to KantÃ¢â¬â¢s ethics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Trade Union of Young Fast Optoelectronics. 2010 Fact Sheets Regarding the Struggle of Young Fast Optoelectronics Trade Union (YFOTU). Retrieved from: http://yfotu.blogspot.com/2010/04/fact-sheets-regarding-struggle-of-young.html This essay on The Young Fast Optoelectronics CompanyÃ¢â¬â¢s Conflicts was written and submitted by user Falc0n/SamW1ls0n to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.